Social Acceptability of Earth Construction Technology: Towards a Socio-environmental Sustainable Housing in Kuwait

By Tamer Gado, Sami Alazemi and Graeme Hutton.

Published by The International Journal of the Constructed Environment

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Traditional mud architecture in Kuwait started to decline as soon as the financial prosperity of the country came to light, after the discovery of oil in the early days of the twentieth century. Mud architecture became something from the past and became socially unpopular when it met the new Western rivals. Modern building materials and the international style became trendier. This resulted in a total reshape of the architectural identity across the country. This paper is concerned with the social acceptability of modern earth construction technologies and architecture in Kuwait. It mainly used an online questionnaire to gather people’s opinions and views with regards to this type of architecture in Kuwait. It was found that the majority of respondents in this case are not willing to live in a house built of earth material. Despite that, a significant number of them had selected earth houses from a pool of case studies that included both earth and non-earth built houses, which the questionnaire used in a multiple choice type question. This is of a particular importance as it indicates the potential of reintroducing earth architecture in Kuwait.

Keywords: Arabian Gulf States, Earth Construction Technology, Kuwait, Quality of Interior Spaces, Social, Perception, Requirements, Status

The International Journal of the Constructed Environment, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp.207-224. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 23.659MB).

Tamer Gado

Head of Postgraduate Research Studies, subject leader, lecturer, Architecture, School of Environment, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, UK

Tamer Gado is a lecturer of Sustainable Architecture Design and is the Head of Postgraduate Research Studies of Architecture, which is part of the University of Dundee School of Environment. He is the subject leader of the environmental design of buildings, and he also contributes to the schools’ MSc in Sustainable Built Environment. Gado’s research interests include socio-environmental responsive architecture design, performance prediction and assessment.

Sami Alazemi

PhD student, Architecture, School of the Environment, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, UK

Sami Alazemi is currently a PhD student at the University of Dundee. He earned his MA in interior and spatial design from the University of Hertfordshire. Alazemi’s main research interest focuses on the social acceptability of natural building materials in Kuwait.

Graeme Hutton

Associate Dean of the School of Environment, Head of Architecture and Planning, Reader, Architecture, School of Environment, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, UK

Graeme Hutton is a qualified architect, Associate Dean of the School of Environment and Head of Architecture and Planning at The University of Dundee School. Hutton’s research interest focuses on creating buildings for sensitive rural locations, which define new and affective relationships between the built and natural environment.