Who Makes the Inevitable Conversion of Agricultural Lands to Urban Uses at the Peripheries of a Megacity?

By Shohel Reza Amin and Luis Esteban Amador Jimenez.

Published by The International Journal of the Constructed Environment

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Urban planners and policy makers are confronted with tremendous pressures to develop city management strategies for sustainable land use planning in order to counterpart unprecedented rates of agricultural land conversion for urban uses. In addition, a wide range of challenges have intricate the urban space. Land market at the urban fringe of a megacity is a complex form of interlinked characteristics, whose mechanisms can be explained by understanding the demand from the inner city, supply of land at the periphery and attitudes of different actors playing a role in the land market. This paper discusses the conceptual issues of land market at the urban periphery of a megacity in order to understand the actors of agricultural land conversion. It explains the implications of economic development, government policies, land ownership, planning control, land speculation and land banking on agricultural land conversion. In specific, growth boundary will not only increase land price, congestion and dis-amenities of the inner city but also evokes rapid expansion of the city. Impact of land speculation and land banking on agricultural land conversion is graphically explained to justify that land speculation booms rapid urban expansion. Critical discussion of agricultural land conversion urges researchers, planners and policy makers to carefully consider all available attributes before working with the dynamic land market at the periphery of a megacity.

Keywords: Urban Agglomeration, Urbanization, Development Plan, Economic Development, Growth Boundary, Land Ownership, Land Speculation, Land Banking

The International Journal of the Constructed Environment, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp.95-110. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.586MB).

Shohel Reza Amin

PhD Student, Department of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

My research interest is on infrastructure investment and land use linkage. My master thesis was on spatial econometric analysis of land market of a small town. Before commencing my PhD study, I worked as an Assistant Professor in Department of Urban and Regional Planning (DURP), Jahangirnagar University (JU), Bangladesh for more than 4 years. I am affiliated with some professional organizations-Association for European Transport, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Institute of Planners, Bangladesh Regional Science Association, Bangladesh Association for the Advancement of Science, and Bangladesh National Geographers Association. During my professional career, I was the Chairman of Admission Committee (2006–2007) in DURP, JU and Convener of Seminar (2006–07) and Sports Committee (2005–05, 2006–07) in DURP, JU. I was the Convener of a seminar on “Role of NGOs in the Planning and Development of Bangladesh” organized by DURP, JU. I was the Session Co-Chair in the conference on Sustainable Urban Environment: Issues and Management Strategies organized by Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, India, 27–29 February 2008. I was a Discussant in the Urban Studies session in 10th Summer Institute Pacific Regional Science Conference Organization organized by Bangladesh Regional Science Association and United Nations Development Programme, 15–16 May 2008.

Dr. Luis Esteban Amador Jimenez

Assistant Professor, Department of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Dr. Luis Amador joined the Department of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering as an Assistant Professor in 2010. He earned his Ph.D. degree in Civil Engineering at the University of New Brunswick in 2010, a Masters in Business Administration in 2006 and two Bachelors; one in Civil Engineering (2002) and another one in Business Administration (1997) from Universidad Fidelitas in Costa Rica. Former Member of the Board of Directors of Costa Rica Roads Administration (CONAVI). Worked as Director of Engineering Services and Community Planning at the Urban Municipality of Kindersley in Saskatchewan, and as Director of Technical Studies for the Costa Rica Construction Association. He was a lecturer for about three years at Universidad Fidelitas (2002 to 2005). He also lectured at the University of New Brunswick (UNB) during fall 2008. His expertise is in the areas of Pavement Engineering and Transportation Asset Management. He also has professional experience in Structural Design, Policy Analysis and Municipal Engineering.