Dry Construction Method for Developing Countries: The Case of Iran

By Hesam Andalib and Mehran Gharaati.

Published by The International Journal of the Constructed Environment

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Many countries have put considerable efforts into the optimization of the construction industry. These efforts range from reduction of energy consumption to the lesser use of materials and labors, all of which aim at reducing the costs as well as time of construction. The importance of construction development in improving socio-economic status has led the construction market in developing countries moving towards industrialization.
However, developing countries lack the fundamentals of industrialization, in technology and logistics alike. These deficiencies include a lack of appropriate factories for the production of prefabricated products, a low number of trained labor, lack of business and organizational structures, and the knowledge to efficiently implement industrialization. Therefore, these countries would have no other choice but to import pre-fabricated products, which in turn would impose on them great costs that are usually hard for them to afford. This paper considers dry construction methods as sufficient and feasible options for providing the basics of industrialization for the construction market in developing countries.

Keywords: Dry Construction, Industrialization, Developing Countries, Housing, Iran

The International Journal of the Constructed Environment, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp.131-142. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 919.048KB).

Hesam Andalib

Shahid Beheshti University, Isfahan, Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Hesam Andalib is graduate student at the School of Architecture, Shahid-Beheshti University in Tehran, Iran, studying Construction Project Management. He graduated with a B.Arch degree from the Art University of Isfahan in 2010. He has been doing research in the fields of “Dry Construction Methods”, “Construction Technology Transfer” and “Life Cycle Assessment of Construction Projects” over the course of the past 2 years.he is currently working on the cost analysis of life-cycle of construction projects in Iran as the subject of his master thesis.

Dr. Mehran Gharaati

Art University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Graduated with a PhD in architecture in May 2009 from McGill University, Mehran Gharaati is presently an assistant professor at the Art University of Isfahan, Iran. He received his M.Arch. II degree in 2004 from the Minimum Cost Housing Group at the same school. He also holds an M.Arch. degree (2001) from the Art University of Isfahan, Iran. Aside from hands-on practice in architecture, post-disaster studies and architectural education are his areas of interest. He introduced the concept of “post-post-disaster” in his PhD thesis, which stresses the importance of informal transfer of knowledge in post-disaster situations in developing communities.