Growing Architecture through Mycelium and Agricultural Waste

By Eduardo Mayoral.

Published by The International Journal of the Constructed Environment

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Growing architectural shelters by manipulating plant growth is not a new design strategy. It is easy to find many examples in traditional architecture or arborsculpture and tree shaping. However there are more sophisticated ways of programming matter to grow 100% organic and disposable architectural devices or usable structures, not only generating cero waste, but also nutrients for the environment.
This work explores the possibilities of a material developed by Ecovative Design, which is actually being used for insulating and packaging purposes, to generate usable structures and shelters shifting its scale and slightly modifying its composition.
Two different prototypes are designed and fabricated. The first one is a modular component whose topology and geometry can be modified to get more complex structures by aggregation. The geometries of this structures are tested using Ecotect to determine their behavior in terms of solar acces, lighting and thermal insulation. The second one is a thermal insulating structural wall prototype meant to build 100% disposable organic architectural shelters.

Keywords: Growing Architecture, Biocomposite, Ecovative, Greensulate, Insulation, Structure, Mycelium, Agricultural Waste, Density, Porosity, Aggregation, Active Life Cycle, Re-cycling, Positive Impact

The International Journal of the Constructed Environment, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp.87-132. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 5.279MB).

Eduardo Mayoral

Architect, Seville, Spain

Eduardo Mayoral González graduated from the ETSA University of Seville. He awarded the second prize for his Thesis Diploma in the Dragados Awards Competition. He holds an official Master in Sustainable City and Architecture from the IUCC, ETSA University of Seville, a Master in Advanced Architecture from the IAAC, UPC in Barcelona, and a Master in Advanced Architectural Design from the GSAPP, Columbia University in NY. He also coursed the Advanced Architectural Research program at the GSAPP, Columbia University in New York. He is currently developing his PhD as a member of the researching group Out Arquías at the ETSA University of Seville. His researching seeks for capital cross-breeding strategies and hybridization of living and non-living systems for design and production purposes, to erase the idea of waste, get added value, and produce a positive impact in the environment. Eduardo acquires his professional experience developing architectural projects and awarded competitions in MGM Architects, Sicilia & Partners, and SV60 Architecture. Regarding his own professional work, the most remarkable achievement is the International Competition of ideas for the Encarnación Square in Seville, awarded as a finalist, where he works as a member of the Composite group.