Guidelines for Development of Tourism Infrastructure at Heritage Sites: A Case Study of Simhachalam Temple, Visakhapatnam, India

By Viswanadha Kumar Giduthuri and Vazeer Mahammood.

Published by The International Journal of the Constructed Environment

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Article: Electronic $US5.00

Promotion of tourism requires sufficient infrastructure facilities to cater to the needs of the tourists but it should not adversely affect the heritage environment. This necessitates framing a set of guidelines that are location specific for visitor infrastructure development. In the present study, case study of Sri Varaha Lakshmi Narasimha Swami temple popularly known as Simhachalam Temple constructed in 1098 AD by Chola King Kulothunga in Chalukyan and Orissa style of architecture at Visakhapatnam, India, has been discussed to demonstrate the significance of such guidelines. Recently modern tourism infrastructure facilities at the Simhachalam Temple site were developed to meet the demand of the growing number of visitors and pilgrims by demolishing historic structures. The visitor infrastructure development was initiated with new amenities like waiting halls, toilets, lockers and que complex. However, in the absence of integral planning for the development of tourism infrastructure, certain redevelopment and renovations are observed as dominating the heritage structures and degrading the visual access and in some cases even harmful to the heritage structures in the site and the environment. This paper is a critical review of impact of existing visitor infrastructure facilities on the heritage site, due to construction/ modification taken up as per Master Plan of 2009 by the Ministry of Endowments of Andhra Pradesh State Government, as a part of destination infrastructure development at the religious heritage site. The research focus on this heritage site is in relevance with visitor infrastructure to develop guidelines for future developments in such heritage and archaeological sites so as to minimise the adverse effects on the site.

Keywords: Tourism Infrastructure, Guidelines for Planning, Heritage Environment and Conservation, Visual Access, Contrasting Forms, Spatial Expansion, and Infill Design

The International Journal of the Constructed Environment, Volume 1, Issue 3, pp.37-54. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.626MB).

Prof. Viswanadha Kumar Giduthuri

Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, College of Engineering, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

Viswanadha Kumar Giduthuri is Assoc. Professor and Head, Department of Architecture, Andhra University College of Engineering (A), Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. A qualified architect with a Master’s degree in Architectural Conservation, his works and interests are focus on “Heritage Conservation”, “Heritage Tourism Planning and development”. His current research interests revolve around “Heritage and Built Environment.

Dr. Vazeer Mahammood

Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering (A), Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

Dr. Vazeer Mahammood is having expertise in Civil Engineering, Remote Sensing and GIS. In addition to the 25 years of long teaching experience, he is very active in research and consultancy works. He has done two major research projects funded by UGC recently in the area of Geoinformatics.