This paper’s idea was triggered by Rosalind Krauss’ (1979) seminal essay “Sculpture in the Expanded Field”. Through expanding ‘time’, namely by embracing the antinomies of time – permanence and change plus certainty and uncertainty – within architecture, it expands its space of operation, throughout the large and small scales of the contemporary urbanized landscape. Following an introduction in which it links our proposal to that of Krauss, the paper continues by comparing it with three different texts (Vidler 2004; Rendell 2006; Marpillero 2006) that, from the field of architecture, have recently revisited Krauss’ essay. Afterwards, two semiotic squares are drawn with the antinomies of time in the expanded field, and the respective place of landscape, architecture, planning, not-planning and sculpture is explained. Topic four describes architecture´s expanded field through both time’s antinomies, proposing not only the symmetrization of the opposites but also their reversal. It follows that these pairs are not to be read in its abstractness but to be grounded in the places where architecture operates. Particular emphasis is given to change and uncertainty, the negative poles where there is less awareness in the architectural field. From this grounding appears the pertinence of understanding “time as coexistence” (Kümmel 1968) between future, past and present, through which the design process, by researching this indeterminate relationship, generates an indeterminate project.
|Keywords:||Expanded Field, Antinomies of Time, Change, Uncertainty, Time as Coexistence, Places’, Time Traces, Indeterminate Project|
Assistant Professor, School of Architecture, University of Minho, Guimarães, Portugal