Architecture as Expanded Field

By Cidália Ferreira Silva.

Published by The International Journal of the Constructed Environment

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This paper’s idea was triggered by Rosalind Krauss’ (1979) seminal essay “Sculpture in the Expanded Field”. Through expanding ‘time’, namely by embracing the antinomies of time – permanence and change plus certainty and uncertainty – within architecture, it expands its space of operation, throughout the large and small scales of the contemporary urbanized landscape. Following an introduction in which it links our proposal to that of Krauss, the paper continues by comparing it with three different texts (Vidler 2004; Rendell 2006; Marpillero 2006) that, from the field of architecture, have recently revisited Krauss’ essay. Afterwards, two semiotic squares are drawn with the antinomies of time in the expanded field, and the respective place of landscape, architecture, planning, not-planning and sculpture is explained. Topic four describes architecture´s expanded field through both time’s antinomies, proposing not only the symmetrization of the opposites but also their reversal. It follows that these pairs are not to be read in its abstractness but to be grounded in the places where architecture operates. Particular emphasis is given to change and uncertainty, the negative poles where there is less awareness in the architectural field. From this grounding appears the pertinence of understanding “time as coexistence” (Kümmel 1968) between future, past and present, through which the design process, by researching this indeterminate relationship, generates an indeterminate project.

Keywords: Expanded Field, Antinomies of Time, Change, Uncertainty, Time as Coexistence, Places’, Time Traces, Indeterminate Project

The International Journal of the Constructed Environment, Volume 1, Issue 3, pp.55-70. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.663MB).

Cidália Ferreira Silva

Assistant Professor, School of Architecture, University of Minho, Guimarães, Portugal

Cidália Silva works in-between teaching and research architecture. She is working on her Doctoral Thesis on “Designing with Time: questions of scale, space and place”, supervised by Dr Vincenzo Riso (October 2008), supported by a PhD Grant from FCT (January 2009). She is Assistant Professor of Architecture at the School of Architecture, University of Minho (2004) in continuity with her experience as Teaching Assistant to Prof. Manuel F. de Sá, DAAUM (2001-4) and to Prof. Mário Krüger, Darq, FCTUC (1998-1). She has a Master’s degree in Planning and Design of Urban Environment at FAUP with her thesis on “O Difuso no Vale do Ave” [The Diffuse in Vale do Ave], supervised by Prof. Manuel F. de Sá (2006), and a Diploma in Architecture at Darq, FCTUC with final thesis on “Três Momentos na Arquitectura Religiosa do séc. XX em Portugal” [Three Moments in the Religious Architecture of the 20th century in Portugal], supervised by Prof. Mário Krüger (2000).