A Framework and Parametric Tools to Facilitate Refurbishment of Existing Healthcare Facilities: Healthcare Energy and Refurbishment (HEaR) Framework

By Amey Z. Sheth, Andrew D. F. Price and Jacqueline Glass.

Published by The International Journal of the Constructed Environment

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In recent years, various experts and organisations have emphasised the need to improve existing facilities, especially healthcare to meet targets imposed by the government related to energy consumption and carbon emissions. Also, in the past the National Health Service’s (NHS) focus on development of new healthcare facilities has contributed towards the deterioration of existing buildings up to a certain extent. Similarly, refurbishment has been neglected by researchers, and industries, although existing facilities still account for a major proportion in the healthcare. However, demolishing existing facilities and constructing new ones is not always possible, furthermore, most refurbishment projects in industry are executed using traditional methods, such as 2D CAD, manual co-ordination; modern methods like Building Information Modelling (BIM) and simulation are used for modern facilities. A preliminary study into the healthcare sector indicated a need for a specific framework for existing buildings because of their varying characteristics, unlike new facilities. All the above mentioned issues identified a need to develop a framework that supports and facilitates refurbishment of existing healthcare facilities with an emphasis on improving their energy consumption and overall performance. To accomplish this, a mixed methodology was used, which included literature review, web-based case studies, questionnaire survey, personal interviews and hospital site visits. The function of this proposed framework, a Healthcare Energy and Refurbishment (HEaR) described here is to integrate modelling and assessment tools, and to reduce energy consumption of existing buildings via refurbishment.

Keywords: BIM, Energy Consumption, Existing Healthcare Facilities, Refurbishment, Simulation

The International Journal of the Constructed Environment, Volume 1, Issue 3, pp.149-168. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1006.697KB).

Amey Z. Sheth

Research Student, Department of Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK

He is an architect from Mumbai, India with three years of professional experience. Mr. Sheth is registered with Council of Architecture in India. He has worked on various prestigious hospitality projects, residential projects, highrise steel buildings, and office interior projects in India. The research interest includes exploring modern tools such as Building Information Modelling (BIM), energy simulation during design stage. After spending three years in Mumbai working as an architect, he moved to the UK for higher studies; research. Also, during architecture, he spent a month in Mumbai slums, to study the slum conditions. Recently, Mr. Sheth published a research paper on Mumbai slums at the SuE-MoT conference, 2009. At present he is doing research related to existing healthcare facilities in the UK. The focus of the research is how to improve building life-cycle through refurbishment. Post-refurbishment building should provide pleasant environment for all the users along with optimum energy usage.

Prof. Andrew D. F. Price

Professor, Department of Civil and Building Engineer, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK

Over 25 years design, construction and industry-focused research experience. Obtained BSc in Civil Engineering from Nottingham Trent University. Worked for four years as Structural Engineer for Jackson Peplow Consultants before joining Loughborough University as Research Assistant in 1981. Became a lecturer in Construction Management in 1984. Early research focussed on construction productivity and the motivation and development of human resources. This evolved to include several project management related topics, including integrated design and construction, integrated supply chains, partnering and less adversarial long-term relationships. In recent years, the focus has moved towards measuring and improving the socio-economic aspects of construction performance, this has included: construction value, sustainability; performance improvement; Total Quality Management; and benchmarking. Current research includes: innovative design and construction solutions for health and care infrastructure; continuous improvement; and sustainable urban environments.

Dr. Jacqueline Glass

Senior Lecturer, Department of Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK

Dr. Glass joined Loughborough University as a Lecturer in Architectural Engineering in 2003, where she teaches on undergraduate programmes in Architectural Engineering & Design Management, Construction Engineering Management and post-graduate courses (Jacqui is also Admissions Tutor for AEDM). Dr. Glass has published extensively and has been a keynote speaker in the USA, Canada and Europe, giving addresses to CEN, USGBC, Royal Architectural Institute of Canada, the US Government Federal Facilities Committee, and a dedicated lecture tour attended by about 1,000 industry professionals. Most recently, these interests have expanded to take into account the issue of resilience and security; she is a Co-Investigator on the ‘Pre-Empt’ project which aims to produce a decision-support toolkit to help practitioners create buildings with ‘bouncebackability’.