Islamic Architectural Features and Modern Housing: A Case Study of the North Awqad District in Salalah, Oman

By Muna Salim AL-Kathiri and Liudmila Cazacova.

Published by The International Journal of the Constructed Environment

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: June 4, 2014 $US5.00

Islamic architecture, which began with the foundation of Islam, continues to influence the design/construction of the buildings in the Islamic cultures in the present day. The main distinguishing characteristic of this architecture is the employment of the fractal geometry (repetition, metric /rhythmic patterns, and radiating structures) and encompasses features such as columns, piers, arches, niches, and colonnades. The built environment of Salalah, a city in Oman, follows the principles of Islamic architecture, where each building is a blend of features such as columns, arches, etc. However, the arch is the most common architectural attribute of local modern housing. In order to identify the most widespread type of arch engaged in the local residential design - North Awqad, district of Salalah was selected for study. Motivated by the research target, the arches types of one hundred residences of the district were identified and classified by the style. As a final point, the most locally favored type of arch was recognized.

Keywords: Islamic Architecture, Housing Features, Arch, Salalah, North Awqad

The International Journal of the Constructed Environment, Volume 4, Issue 3, June 2014, pp.1-18. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: June 4, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.084MB)).

Muna Salim AL-Kathiri

Student, Department of Graphic Design and Interior Architecture, Dhofar University, Salalah, Dhofar, Oman

Liudmila Cazacova

Assistant Professor of Interior Architecture, Department of Graphic Design and Interior Architecture, Dhofar University, Salalah, Salalah, Oman