Although the dominance of transparency as an architectural ideal is well established in the history of modernism, there are a number of exceptional and often overlooked buildings from this period in which architects, including Frank Lloyd Wright, Pierre Chareau, Gordon Bunshaft, Rafael Moneo, and Peter Zumthor, eschewed transparency in favor of the more complicated, alternative condition of translucency, in which light is captured and dispersed without direct visual transparency. It is this influential, though less examined, thread of modernism that this article explores. A close study of the work of such architects will expand our understanding of what constitutes modernity beyond commonly accepted notions.
|Keywords:||Architecture, Modernism, Glass, Transparency, Translucency|
Assistant Professor, School of Architecture, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, Illinois, USA