At the present time the idea of sustainability has gained great importance and attention. The idea of green building possesses such great importance among architects as sustainability itself. Unfortunately there are such misconceptions and misbeliefs, which themselves actually bring about the non-sustainability of „green” buildings. The purpose of this article is to review these problems and misconceptions and eliminate these misbeliefs. A further aim is to synthesize those architectural solutions which lead to greener and more sustainable buildings as well when applied jointly. Furthermore it is necessary to introduce those not particularly architectural solutions (using plants on the roofs and facades of buildings) which are not commonly known among architects and to outline the possible directions of their development. Green building does not only mean „actual greening”, but also using such engineering solutions which result in the advanced decreasing of the energy consumption of buildings and thus increasing their sustainability. Luckily, the actual greening of the building has similar positive effects on the heat balance, furthermore it has a positive (heat, climatic, ecological) impact on the surrounding space, too. Usually extensive and intensive green roofs and green walls are differentiated from each other. It is very important to examine both the intensive and extensive green surfaces from the aspect of energy and water consumption. The building technology of green roofs can be considered to be definite; however, the advanced development of green walls is necessary, meaning that the theoretical achievements need to be put into common practice.
Finally those architectural solutions are defined which turn our buildings truly green and sustainable at the same time.
|Keywords:||Sustainability, Green Building, Ecological Architecture, Green Roofs, Green Walls|
Ph. D. Student, Faculty of Landscape Architecture, Corvinus University of Budapest, Budapest, Hungary