Lost Flows, Lasting Flows: Influences on Production, Population, and Place in the Great Lakes Megaregion
This proposal defines inherent complexities in the movement of human capital, raw materials, and industrial products, as well as their impact on regional identity and the built environment. Occupying a key strategic position between the North American Atlantic coast and its mid-continental heartland, the Great Lakes megaregion significantly influenced the industrial and infrastructural development of two nations. Geographic distribution of mineral wealth and manufacturing centers facilitated early flows of raw materials from the region’s north and west to processing and production hubs in its south and east. Corresponding demand for industrialization created intercontinental human flows that continue to shape the character and connectedness of these cities today—revealed by demographic shifts, cultural agglomerations, and the physical environment. Such conditions gave rise to the development of vibrant and sophisticated cities reflecting imported notions of urbanism. Our proposal asserts that the early internationalization of the region, tied to both industry and the human experience, contrasts significantly with contemporary conditions. By engaging the past and present, we reflect on a very particular experience revealing the ebb and flow of great cities. What connectivity existed and remains between the cities of the Great Lakes megaregion? Our proposal illustrates how positive and negative exchanges have transformed Cleveland and Duluth. By analyzing and mapping dynamic organizational flows that shift our understanding of place, we demonstrate how urban economies, demographics, and intrinsic cultural contributions have permanently reconfigured the built environment of both cities.
||Architecture, Urbanism, Industrialization, Immigration, Culture, Cleveland, Duluth, Great Lakes
The International Journal of the Constructed Environment, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp.49-66.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 10.309MB).
Professor, División de Arte, Arquitectura y Diseño, University of Houston, Monterrey, Houston, USA
Gregory Marinic is Director of Interior Architecture and Assistant Professor of Architecture in the Gerald D. Hines College of Architecture at the University of Houston. His previous teaching experience includes undergraduate/graduate design studios and directed research at Pratt Institute, City University of New York, and Universidad de Monterrey. Gregory is principal of Archipelago, a New York- and Houston-based architectural practice engaged in design, research, teaching, and experimentation. Prior to independent practice, Gregory worked in the New York and London offices of Rafael Viñoly Architects and his portfolio includes AIA and RIBA award-winning work undertaken at Rafael Viñoly, Yoshihara McKee, and ABS Architects. Additionally, Gregory is director and co-founder of d3, a New York-based art/architecture/design stewardship organization. He holds a Master of Architecture degree from the University of Maryland and a Bachelor of Science degree in Geography/Urban Planning from Ohio University. Gregory currently serves as Assistant Director of AIA Forward Journal, and editor of International Journal of the Arts in Society, Design Principles and Practices, IDEC:Exchange, and d3:dialog. His recent publications include Design Issues (MIT Press), International Journal of Architectural Research (MIT Press), Design Principles and Practices, International Journal of the Arts in Society, and various publications of Seoul-based Damdi Architecture Publishing Ltd. and the Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture. His practice has been awarded by the Seoul Metropolitan Government, Socio-Design Foundation, IJRAA-AIA, and ACSA.
Professor, Iowa State University, Monterrey, USA
Ziad Qureshi is Lecturer at Iowa State University where he teaches seminars on the history and theory of design and architectural design studios. He previously taught the graduate level foundation theory seminar at Arizona State University, undergraduate architecture at the Universidad de Monterrey, and has served as a design critic on juries at ASU, University of Minnesota, University of Houston, and Harvard’s Graduate School of Design. Ziad’s academic research is focused on the politics of architecture, politicized architectural heritage, and the dynamics of crosscultural global design. His extensive professional architectural experience has included work in the offices of Ralph Rapson and Associates in Minneapolis, Minnesota and B3/Berkus Design Studio in Scottsdale, Arizona, where he contributed to residential, affordable housing, commercial, mixed-use, and cultural projects. Ziad holds an MDesS degree, specializing in History and Theory from the Graduate School of Design, Harvard University, where he received a Summer Internship Scholarship Award from the Center for Hellenic Studies to pursue independent research in the Balkans. He holds a Master of Architecture degree from Arizona State University, where he received the Award for Outstanding Graduate Thesis from the College of Architecture and Design, and a B.S. degree in Architecture with a minor in Anthropology from the University of Minnesota.